The city of Petra, capital of the Nabataean Arabs, is one of the most famous archaeological sites in the world, it is Located 262 km south of Amman, Petra the world wonder is undoubtedly Jordan's most valuable treasure and greatest tourist attraction, and it is visited by tourists from all over the world.
Petra is a unique example of an astonishing ancient civilization. More than 2,000 years ago, the Nabataean’s carved this city into the mountains, also Petra is known as the Rose City due to the color of the stone out of which it is carved, it is Established possibly as early as 312 BCE as the capital city of the Nabataeans .
The site remained unknown to the western world until 1812, when it was rediscovered by the Swiss explorer Johann Ludwig Burckhardt during his expedition, which was funded by the British Royal Geographical in the Levant, Egypt and the Arabian Peninsula.
Due to the centuries that lapsed before the rediscovery of the city by the outside world, Petra was named the “Lost City”. It was also described by the English poet Bergen as the unique, astonishing Eastern city:
It seems no work of Man's creative hand,
by labour wrought as wavering fancy planned;
But from the rock as if by magic grown,
eternal, silent, beautiful, alone!
Not virgin-white like that old Doric shrine,
where erst Athena held her rites divine;
Not saintly-grey, like many a minster fane,
that crowns the hill and consecrates the plain;
But rose-red as if the blush of dawn,
that first beheld them were not yet withdrawn;
The hues of youth upon a brow of woe,
which Man deemed old two thousand years ago,
match me such marvel save in Eastern clime,
a rose-red city half as old as time
In its heyday, the Nabatean Kingdom flourished to reach the north-west of the Arabian Peninsula where the city of Madian Saleh lies. It further extended its influence to the Red Sea shores of Sinai and the Horan Fields in Syria to Damascus.
The Nabatean Kingdom, along with its capital Petra, was surrounded by many ancient kingdoms and civilizations including the Pharaohs to the west, Tadmor to the north, and Mesopotamia to the east.
The Nabateans were famous for their advanced irrigation systems and water harvesting mechanisms
On December 6, 1985, Petra was designated a World Heritage Site,, also Petra was chosen by the Smithsonian Magazine as one of the 28 places you should visit them before you die.
On July 7, 2007 Petra was announced as one of the new Seven Wonders of the World and has become the perfect and best tourist destination for many leaders and celebrities around the world.